Mass drug administration and control of diseases.
Bilharzia and Intestinal Worms.
-These are also called Neglected Tropical Diseases in a category of diseases believed to be caused by poverty and among groups of deseases the World Health Organisation is fighting to eliminate from the nations -mostly so-called third-world or economically challenged nations,of which Zimbabwe is one.
Due to the high privalence,our Government is forced to pump resources try and eradicate and break the continuity of the cycle of infection.
The issue is not,however about treating cases of infection but educating citizens about these diseases to help prevent infection and after treatment avoid re-infection.
Another reason why our Governments are so energetic about managing cases is that bilharzia is 2nd behind Malaria in its effect in communities and affecting our populations.Figures reveal that up to about 200 000 pple die annually world-wide from the disease.
In this light we shall try to enlighten each other so we can participate in Govt sponsered programmes and make our countries and children safer.
Bilharzia is caused by infection from the bilharzia parasite larvae.
It mostly infects young children under 14 yrs of age,who get it mostly through wading or swimming in lakes,ponds and other water bodies infested with snails that are host to the disease larvae.
Farmers,fisherman and other people who use infected water bodies for daily chores get infected with the disease.
Worms are usually ingested with under-cooked meat,drinking infested water and absorbed through the skin.
The diseases affect the urinary tract and/or the intestines and infection is seen through passing bloody stool and urine and other more specific tests.
Other symptoms are abdorminal pain and diarrhea.Long-term infection can lead to liver damage,kidney failure,infertility,bladder cancer.in children it leads to poor physical growth and learning difficulties.
Where the diseases are common entire groups may be treated once every year to decrease number of infected people and decrease the spread of the disease,as the infected pass out eggs and sustain the cycle of the disease.
When people are treated its also important to train them about how to prevent re-infection-wearing shoes,built latrines and practicing good hygiene.
Provision of clean water sources and reduction of host snail population are some prevention steps to increase of the disease.
So,as with most diseases education of the general population is key to helping curb the spread of the infection.
Its important to keep yr family safe and participate in Health-driven innitiatives to eliminate such diseases...prevention is better than cure.!