Why Ebola is so terrifying?
Ebola is one of the most deadly diseases. This is a virus, which can kill up to 90% infected people. There is still no vaccination against it.
Disease and its symptoms
This virus causes a fever, which refers to a group of viruses that affect several organ systems and often cause bleeding.
The first outbreak occurred in 1976 in in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Later there was another outbreak in Sudan.
There are 5 different strains of the virus, which are named after the areas they originated in. Three of these have been associated with Africa.
What are the symptoms?
• At first fever, weakness, muscle pain, headaches and sore throat appear 2 – 21 days after infection.
• These symptoms are sometimes mistaken with malaria, typhoid fever, meningitis or plague.
• Later can appear a rash, red eyes, hiccups, chest pain and difficulty breathing, swallowing.
• These symptoms later develop to vomiting, diarrhoea, impaired kidney and liver function and sometimes internal or external bleeding.
• This disease can be confirmed by five different laboratory tests.
1. The patients must be isolated and then supported by healthcare workers.
2. Patients must be hydrated, this means drinking a lot of water.
3. Also workers must maintain patient’s oxygen status
4. Patient’s body pressure also has to be regulated.
Drugs on Ebola
There are several experimental drugs out there. They are being developed in America. Some of the tests are promising. Two infected people were given and experimental drug called ZMapp, which saved their lives.
Ebola virus transmission
1. Ebola is introduced to the human population through close contact with blood, secretions and organs.
2. In Uganda it can be transmitted through handling of infected chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys, forest antelope or other animals.
3. Ebola then spreads in the community through human-to-human transmission (with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected people).
4. Burial ceremonies in which mourners have direct contact with the body of the deceased person can also play a role in the transmission of Ebola.
5. People recovered from the disease can still transmit the virus through their semen for up to 7 weeks.
If you are interested in Ebola and how to prevent from it, then read other forum post on it: Ebola virus in Uganda – How to prevent? Edited by TechBoy / 25 Aug 2014 13:34