International forum: Fashion - What Is Fashion
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14 Jul 2015 14:27

Fashion In Real Sense Is Beauty

5 Sep 2015 10:00

According to me, fashion in real sense is related to your body and mind. If your body mind is in stable condition then you look fashionable automatically. Like if your not healthy, then any makeup will not take you towards fashion or set your mind that you are happy and finally you look fashionable. Try this before any makeup kit.

9 Nov 2015 20:45

20 Nov 2015 18:17

Quote by CherylSparks
According to me, fashion in real sense is related to your body and mind. If your body mind is in stable condition then you look fashionable automatically. Like if your not healthy, then any makeup will not take you towards fashion or set your mind that you are happy and finally you look fashionable. Try this before any makeup kit.

20 Nov 2015 18:17

Quote by FrancisMarveh
Fashion In Real Sense Is Beauty

20 Nov 2015 18:22

Fashion is a popular style or practice, especially in clothing ,
footwear , accessories , makeup , body piercing , or furniture.
Fashion is a distinctive and often habitual trend in the style
in which a person dresses. It is the prevailing styles in
behaviour and the newest creations of textile designers. [1]
Because the more technical term costume is regularly linked
to the term "fashion", the use of the former has been
relegated to special senses like fancy dress or masquerade
wear, while "fashion" generally means clothing, including the
study of it. Although aspects of fashion can be feminine or
masculine, some trends are androgynous. [2][3]
Clothing fashions
Main article: History of Western fashion
Early Western travelers, whether to Persia , Turkey , India ,
China , would frequently remark on the absence of change in
fashion there. The Japanese Shogun 's secretary bragged
(not completely accurately) to a Spanish visitor in 1609 that
Japanese clothing had not changed in over a thousand
years. [4] However, there is considerable evidence in Ming
China of rapidly changing fashions in Chinese clothing.[5]
Changes in costume often took place at times of economic
or social change, as occurred in ancient Rome and the
medieval Caliphate , followed by a long period without major
changes. In 8th-century Moorish Spain the musician Ziryab
introduced to Córdoba [6] [unreliable source? ][7]
sophisticated clothing-styles based on seasonal and daily
fashions from his native Baghdad , modified by his own
inspiration. Similar changes in fashion occurred in the 11th
century in the Middle East following the arrival of the Turks ,
who introduced clothing styles from Central Asia and the
Far East . [8]
The beginning in Europe of continual and increasingly rapid
change in clothing styles can be fairly reliably dated.
Historians, including James Laver and Fernand Braudel ,
date the start of Western fashion in clothing to the middle
of the 14th century .[9][10] The most dramatic early change
in fashion was a sudden drastic shortening and tightening
of the male over-garment from calf -length to barely
covering the buttocks , [11] sometimes accompanied with
stuffing in the chest to make it look bigger. This created the
distinctive Western outline of a tailored top worn over
leggings or trousers.
The pace of change accelerated considerably in the
following century, and women and men's fashion, especially
in the dressing and adorning of the hair, became equally
complex. Art historians are therefore able to use fashion
with confidence and precision to date images, often to
within five years, particularly in the case of images from the
15th century. Initially, changes in fashion led to a
fragmentation across the upper classes of Europe of what
had previously been a very similar style of dressing and the
subsequent development of distinctive national styles.
These national styles remained very different until a
counter-movement in the 17th to 18th centuries imposed
similar styles once again, mostly originating from Ancien
Régime France .[12] Though the rich usually led fashion, the
increasing affluence of early modern Europe led to the
bourgeoisie and even peasants following trends at a
distance, but still uncomfortably close for the elites – a
factor that Fernand Braudel regards as one of the main
motors of changing fashion. [13]
Albrecht Dürer 's drawing contrasts a well
turned out bourgeoise from Nuremberg
(left) with her counterpart from Venice.
The Venetian lady's high chopines make
her look taller.
In the 16th century national differences were at their most
pronounced. Ten 16th century portraits of German or Italian
gentlemen may show ten entirely different hats. Albrecht
Dürer illustrated the differences in his actual (or composite)
contrast of Nuremberg and Venetian fashions at the close
of the 15th century ( illustration, right). The "Spanish style" of
the late 16th century began the move back to synchronicity
among upper-class Europeans, and after a struggle in the
mid-17th century, French styles decisively took over
leadership, a process completed in the 18th century. [14]
Though textile colors and patterns changed from year to
year, [15] the cut of a gentleman's coat and the length of his
waistcoat, or the pattern to which a lady's dress was cut,
changed more slowly. Men's fashions were largely derived
from military models, and changes in a European male
Silhouette were galvanized in theaters of European war
where gentleman officers had opportunities to make notes
of foreign styles such as the "Steinkirk" cravat or necktie .
Marie Antoinette , wife of Louis XVI, was a
leader of fashion. Her choices, such as
this 1783 white muslin dress called a
chemise a la Reine , were highly influential
and widely worn. [16]
Though there had been distribution of dressed dolls from
France since the 16th century and Abraham Bosse had
produced engravings of fashion in the 1620s, the pace of
change picked up in the 1780s with increased publication of
French engravings illustrating the latest Paris styles. By
1800, all Western Europeans were dressing alike (or thought
they were); local variation became first a sign of provincial
culture and later a badge of the conservative peasant. [17]
Although tailors and dressmakers were no doubt
responsible for many innovations, and the textile industry
certainly led many trends, the history of fashion design is
normally understood to date from 1858 when the English-
born Charles Frederick Worth opened the first true haute
couture house in Paris. The Haute house was the name
established by government for the fashion houses that met
the standards of industry. These fashion houses have to
adhere to standards such as keeping at least twenty
employees engaged in making the clothes, showing two
collections per year at fashion shows, and presenting a
certain number of patterns to costumers. [18] Since then,
the idea of the fashion designer as a celebrity in his or her
own right has become increasingly dominant. [19]
The idea of unisex dressing originated in the 1960s when
designers such as Pierre Cardin and Rudi Gernreich created
garments, such as stretch jersey tunics or leggings, meant
to be worn by both males and females. The impact of
unisex expands more broadly to encompass various themes
in fashion including androgyny, mass-market retail, and
conceptual clothing. [20] The fashion trends of the 1970s,
such as sheepskin jackets, flight jackets, duffel coats, and
unstructured clothing influenced men to attend social
gatherings without a tuxedo jacket and to accessorize in
new ways. Some men's styles blended the sensuality and
expressiveness despite the conservative trend, the growing
gay-rights movement and an emphasis on youth allowed for
a new freedom to experiment with style, fabrics such as
wool crepe, which had previously been associated with
women's attire was used by designers when creating male
clothing. [21]
The four major current fashion capitals are acknowledged
to be Paris , Milan , New York City , and London , which are all
headquarters to the greatest fashion companies and are
renowned for their major influence on global fashion.
Fashion weeks are held in these cities, where designers
exhibit their new clothing collections to audiences. A
succession of major designers such as Coco Chanel and
Yves Saint-Laurent have kept Paris as the center most
watched by the rest of the world, although haute couture is
now subsidized by the sale of ready-to-wear collections
and perfume using the same branding .
Modern Westerners have a wide number of choices
available in the selection of their clothes. What a person
chooses to wear can reflect his or her personality or
interests. When people who have high cultural status start
to wear new or different clothes, a fashion trend may start.
People who like or respect these people become influenced
by their personal style and begin wearing similarly styled
clothes. Fashions may vary considerably within a society
according to age , social class , generation , occupation , and
geography and may also vary over time. If an older person
dresses according to the fashion young people use, he or
she may look ridiculous in the eyes of both young and older
people. The terms fashionista and fashion victim refer to
someone who slavishly follows current fashions.
One can regard the system of sporting various fashions as a
fashion language incorporating various fashion statements
using a grammar of fashion. (Compare some of the work of
Roland Barthes .)
In recent years, Asian fashion has become increasingly
significant in local and global markets. Countries such as
China, Japan, India, and Pakistan have traditionally had
large textile industries, which have often been drawn upon
by Western designers, but now Asian clothing styles are
also gaining influence based on their own ideas. [22]
Fashion industry
The fashion industry is a product of the modern age. [23]
Prior to the mid-19th century, most clothing was custom-
made . It was handmade for individuals, either as home
production or on order from dressmakers and tailors. By the
beginning of the 20th century—with the rise of new
technologies such as the sewing machine , the rise of global
capitalism and the development of the factory system of
production, and the proliferation of retail outlets such as
department stores—clothing had increasingly come to be
mass-produced in standard sizes and sold at fixed prices.
Although the fashion industry developed first in Europe and
America, as of 2015 it is an international and highly
globalized industry, with clothing often designed in one
country, manufactured in another, and sold world-wide. For
example, an American fashion company might source fabric
in China and have the clothes manufactured in Vietnam ,
finished in Italy , and shipped to a warehouse in the United
States for distribution to retail outlets internationally. The
fashion industry has long been one of the largest employers
in the United States, [24] and it remains so in the 21st
century. However, U.S. employment declined considerably
as production increasingly moved overseas, especially to
China. Because data on the fashion industry typically are
reported for national economies and expressed in terms of
the industry's many separate sectors, aggregate figures for
world production of textiles and clothing are difficult to
obtain. However, by any measure, the clothing industry
accounts for a significant share of world economic output.
[25] The fashion industry consists of four levels:
1. the production of raw materials, principally fibers and
textiles but also leather and fur.
2. the production of fashion goods by designers,
manufacturers, contractors, and others.
3. retail sales
4. various forms of advertising and promotion
These levels consist of many separate but interdependent
sectors. These sectors are Textile Design and Production,
Fashion Design and Manufacturing, Fashion Retailing,
Marketing and Merchandising, Fashion Shows, and Media
and Marketing. Each sector is devoted to the goal of
satisfying consumer demand for apparel under conditions
that enable participants in the industry to operate at a profit.
[26]