International forum: Gaming - ^_^ WHY IS GAMBLING SO ADDICTIVE
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27 May 2015 08:01

Why is gambling so addictive?

27 May 2015 08:33
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27 May 2015 08:40

27 May 2015 08:41

i d0n't kn0w

27 May 2015 08:46

why is mobofree so addictive?

27 May 2015 09:26

Gambling is ghost

27 May 2015 09:33
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27 May 2015 09:34
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27 May 2015 09:44
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27 May 2015 09:48
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27 May 2015 10:10

Dn't know..

27 May 2015 10:15

Gambling not good once ur in ur in no way out.

27 May 2015 10:19

27 May 2015 10:19
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27 May 2015 10:25

Quote by ladyihzai
Why is gambling so addictive? :hm

Problem gambling (or ludomania , but usually referred to as
gambling addiction ) is an urge to continuously gamble
despite harmful negative consequences or a desire to
stop. Problem gambling is often defined by whether harm
is experienced by the gambler or others, rather than by the
gambler's behavior. Severe problem gambling may be
diagnosed as clinical pathological gambling if the gambler
meets certain criteria. Pathological gambling is a common
disorder that is associated with both social and family
costs. Dr Mark Griffiths, a long-time gambling researcher at
Nottingham Trent University, believes that the media plays
an unhelpful role in the image of gambling. [1]
The DSM-5 has re-classified the condition as an addictive
disorder, with sufferers exhibiting many similarities to
those who have substance addictions. The term "gambling
addiction" has long been used in the recovery movement.
[2] Pathological gambling was long considered by the
American Psychiatric Association to be an impulse control
disorder rather than an addiction. [3] However, data suggest
a closer relationship between pathological gambling and
substance use disorders than exists between PG and
obsessive-compulsive disorder. [4]
Definition
Research by governments in Australia led to a universal
definition for that country which appears to be the only
research-based definition not to use diagnostic criteria:
"Problem gambling is characterized by many difficulties in
limiting money and/or time spent on gambling which leads
to adverse consequences for the gambler, others, or for
the community." [5] The University of Maryland Medical
Center defines pathological gambling as "being unable to
resist impulses to gamble, which can lead to severe
personal or social consequences". [6]
Most other definitions of problem gambling can usually be
simplified to any gambling that causes harm to the
gambler or someone else in any way; however, these
definitions are usually coupled with descriptions of the
type of harm or the use of diagnostic
criteria. [citation needed ] The DSM-V has since reclassified
Pathological Gambling as Gambling Disorder and has listed
the disorder under Substance-related and Addictive
Disorders rather than Impulse-Control Disorders. This is
due to the symptomatology of the disorder resembling an
addiction not dissimilar to that of substance-abuse. [7] In
order to be diagnosed, an individual must have at least
four of the following symptoms in a 12-month period: [8]
1. Needs to gamble with increasing amounts of money in
order to achieve the desired excitement.
2. Is restless or irritable when attempting to cut down or
stop gambling.
3. Has made repeated unsuccessful efforts to control, cut
back, or stop gambling.
4. Is often preoccupied with gambling (e.g., having
persistent thoughts of reliving past gambling experiences,
handicapping or planning the next venture, thinking of ways
to get money with which to gamble).
5. Often gambles when feeling distressed (e.g., helpless,
guilty, anxious, depressed).
6. After losing money gambling, often returns another day
to get even (“chasing” one’s losses).
7. Lies to conceal the extent of involvement with
gambling.
8. Has jeopardized or lost a significant relationship, job, or
educational or career opportunity because of gambling.
9. Relies on others to provide money to relieve desperate
financial situations caused by gambling.
The gambling behavior must also not be better explained
by a manic episode.
According to the Illinois Institute for Addiction Recovery,
evidence indicates that pathological gambling is an
addiction similar to chemical addiction. [9] It has been seen
that some pathological gamblers have lower levels of
norepinephrine than normal gamblers. [10] According to a
study conducted by Alec Roy, formerly at the National
Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, norepinephrine
is secreted under stress, arousal, or thrill, so pathological
gamblers gamble to make up for their under-dosage. [11]
According to a report from Harvard Medical School 's
Division on Addictions, there was an experiment
constructed where test subjects were presented with
situations where they could win, lose, or break even in a
casino-like environment. Subjects' reactions were
measured using fMRI, a neuroimaging technique. And
according to Hans Breiter, M.D., co-director of the
Motivation and Emotion Neuroscience Center at
Massachusetts General Hospital , "Monetary reward in a
gambling-like experiment produces brain activation very
similar to that observed in a cocaine addict receiving an
infusion of cocaine." [12][13] Studies have compared
gamblers to substance-dependent addicts, concluding that
addicted gamblers display more physical symptoms during
withdrawal. [14]
Deficiencies in serotonin might also contribute to
compulsive behavior, including a gambling addiction. [15]
Some medical authors suggest that the biomedical model
of problem gambling may be unhelpful because it focuses
only on individuals. These authors point out that social
factors are a far more important determinant of gambling
behaviour than brain chemicals and they suggest that a
social model may be more useful in understanding the
issue. [16] For example, an apparent increase in problem
gambling in the UK may be better understood as a
consequence of changes in legislation which came into
force in 2007 and enabled casinos, bookmakers, and online
betting sites to advertise on TV and radio for the first time
and which eased restrictions on the opening of betting
shops and online gambling sites. [17]
Pathological gambling is similar to many other impulse
control disorders such as kleptomania. [18] According to
evidence from both community- and clinic-based studies,
individuals who have pathological gambling are highly likely
to exhibit other psychiatric problems at the same time,
including substance use disorders , mood and anxiety
disorders, or personality disorders. [19]
Pathological gambling shows several similarities with
substance abuse. There is a partial overlap in diagnostic
criteria; pathological gamblers are also likely to abuse
alcohol and other drugs. The telescoping phenomenon
reflects the rapid development from initial to problematic
behavior in women compared with men. This phenomenon
was initially described for alcoholism, but it has also been
applied to pathological gambling. Also biological data
provide a support for a relationship between pathological
gambling and substance abuse. [20]
As debts build up people turn to other sources of money
such as theft, or the sale of drugs . [ citation needed ] Much
of this pressure comes from bookies or loan sharks on
whom people rely for gambling capital. [citation needed ]
In a 1995 survey of 184 Gamblers Anonymous members in
Illinois, Illinois State Professor Henry Lesieur found that 56
percent admitted to some illegal act to obtain money to
gamble. Fifty-eight percent admitted they wrote bad
checks, while 44 percent said they stole or embezzled
money from their employer. [21]
Compulsive gambling can affect personal relationships. In a
1991 study of relationships of American men, it was found
that 10% of compulsive gamblers had been married more
than twice. Only 2% of men who did not gamble were
married more than twice. [22]
According to statistics by the BGM (British Medical
Journal), families of problem gamblers are more likely to
experience child abuse or other forms of domestic
violence. [23]
A gambler who does not receive treatment for pathological
gambling when in his or her desperation phase may
contemplate suicide. [24] Problem gambling is often
associated with increased suicidal ideation and attempts
compared to the general population. [25][26]
Early onset of problem gambling increases the lifetime risk
of suicide. [27] However, gambling-related suicide attempts
are usually made by older people with problem gambling.
[28] Both comorbid substance use[29][30] and comorbid
mental disorders increase the risk of suicide in people with
problem gambling. [28]
A 2010 Australian hospital study found that 17% of suicidal
patients admitted to the Alfred Hospital 's emergency
department were problem gamblers. [31]
In the United States, a report by the National Council on
Problem Gambling showed approximately one in five
pathological gamblers attempts suicide. The Council also
said suicide rates among pathological gamblers are higher
than any other addictive disorder. [32]
David Phillips, a sociologist from University of California-
San Diego, found "visitors to and residents of gaming
communities experience significantly elevated suicide
levels". According to him, Las Vegas, the largest gaming
market in the United States, "displays the highest levels of
suicide in the nation, both for residents of Las Vegas and
for visitors to that setting". In Atlantic City, the second-
largest gaming market, he found "abnormally high suicide
levels for visitors and residents appeared only after
gambling casinos were opened". [33]

27 May 2015 10:44

too long to read ladyzhai

27 May 2015 10:49
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27 May 2015 11:27

Help

Edited by ladyihzai / 27 May 2015 11:27
27 May 2015 12:32

Bcoz of the money.

27 May 2015 12:44

Thnk u so much mod who delet bad image