Nigerian forum: Health - First-Aid Tips for Hurricanes and Other Weather Emergencies
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11 Nov 2015 23:59

When you’re preparing for a weather emergency such as
Hurricane Joaquin , you have to think beyond planning an evacuation route, stocking up on supplies, and boarding up windows. In the event of a serious storm, you also have to plan for injuries. And it can be critical to know a few life-saving skills in case you can’t readily get to an emergency room.
Here are a few things you can do to prepare for a hurricane or other weather emergency:
1. Invest in a First Aid Kit
You can buy a kit, or assemble one of your own. The Red Cross provides a great list of what a first aid kit should include for a family of four.
In addition, prepare a list of your doctors’ names and phone numbers, the dosage and frequency for all prescription and over-the-counter medications, and emergency contacts. To prepare for possible evacuation, make sure you have a solid supply of prescription medications on hand for anyone in the family who needs them.
2. Get CPR Certified
Everyone, but especially parents, should get CPR certified. If someone has drowned or is unconscious and not breathing, it’s important to perform CPR right away — particularly in the event of drowning. The most important point is to start quickly. Remember that CPR no longer requires mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. When in doubt, start chest compressions quickly .
3. Learn How to Treat Heavily Bleeding Wounds
Here’s what to do in the event someone is bleeding heavily:
Apply firm pressure on the wound using a sterile cloth. Keep the cloth in place using a bandage or gauze. If blood seeps through, don’t remove the material, but continue to apply pressure. You want clotting to occur.
If the cut can be raised above heart level, this may help slow the bleeding.
If there is a foreign object embedded in the wound, do not remove it; apply padding around it and continue to hold pressure.
If a finger or other appendage is amputated, place it in a clean bag and then into cold water or ice.
4. Prepare to Deal with Burns or Lightning Strikes
If someone has been struck by lightning and is unresponsive, check for spontaneous breathing and a pulse, and begin CPR if you don’t detect them. Don’t worry — you won’t be electrocuted.
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12 Nov 2015 14:35