Euthanasia is a practice of killing or
ending the life of a person knowingly,
to relieve him/her from a pain or
Lethal injection is the practice of
injecting a person with a heavy dose of
drugs which ultimately causes death.
Euthanasia can be categorized into
active and passive. Active euthanasia
involves the usage of lethal substance
to kill a person and it is the most
controversial means. Passive
euthanasia is the refusal of giving the
basic treatment such as antibiotics or
food for survival.
India follows the concept of passive
euthanasia in extreme cases.
Recently, in the case of Aruna
Shanbaug, the court dismissed the
plea of giving the active euthanasia.
Aruna was a nurse who was sexually
assaulted by a ward boy in 1973 in a
Mumbai hospital. She was in a
vegetative mode since past 37 years
till her death in 2015. On 17 December,
2010, Pinki Virani (her friend)
submitted a plea to end Aruna's life.
The court turned down the plea on 7
March, 2011 and gave the permission
for passive euthanasia.
Countries which have legalized active
euthanasia are – Switzerland,
Belgium, Netherlands and
Euthanasia is a practice of killing or
Yes – It can put an end to the pain
- Relief from pain – Most of the
patients in India are suffering from a
heavy pain in spite of receiving the
proper treatment. In such cases, active
euthanasia can be helpful as it would
relieve the patients from the pain that
they are suffering.
- Right to choose – Every individual
has the right to choose whether to live
further or not ,in cases of highly
unbearable pain caused due to a
disease etc. It does not make any
sense if a person lives and continues
to suffer the unbearable pain.
- Saves the family – By giving active
euthanasia to a person through the
means of lethal injection, would save
the patient as well as their family from
the pain. People would never like to
see their loved ones suffering in an
extreme stage. At times, all the
treatments provided to a person fail
continuously and it does not help the
patient to recover. In such cases active
euthanasia can also save the money
of the family.
- Donation of organs – In cases of
providing active euthanasia, the
organs of the deceased patients can be
contributed and used for a good
purpose. It would be helpful for the
other patients who can get rid of a
problem with an organ
- First do no Harm – The quote “First
Do No Harm” is a summary of an
ancient code which was designed to
guide the doctors to carry out their
action. It also means that do not keep
any patient artificially alive, if death is
preferable. At times, when the patient
is going through an intense pain, our
society contributes to the cruelty by
keeping him alive.
- Improves quality of life – Usually,
active euthanasia is carried out with
the permission of the patient or their
family. Thus, the patient knows that
he has only limited time in his hand.
This knowledge can help the patient
to improve the quality of his life in his
No – Active euthanasia should not be
legalized in India.
- Patient's opinion – Most of the times,
the patient would like to live his/her
life further. But, they might be forced
to take a decision to end the life by
their family etc. If active euthanasia is
legalized in India, such incidents would
occur very often. The doctors should
take the consent of the patients
before initiating the practice of active
euthanasia on them.
- Killing in the name of euthanasia –
India is a country where the issues
related to corruption, theft, illegal
trading of organ etc are common.
Hence, active euthanasia should not
be legalized in India as it would
mislead the doctors and a lot of
killings would be carried out in
hospitals in the name of euthanasia.
- Religious – According to Bible, life is
the most basic gift of God. Every
individual has a moral duty to take
care of their own life and health and
to desire help from others. One should
not intend to cause one's own death or
death of an innocent victim.
- Shortens life – Sometimes, patients
might be on the verge of recovery. Due
to heavy misunderstanding, doctors
and the families of the patient may
move towards active euthanasia to
end the suffering. In such cases,
usually, the level of patience is very
low. Such irresponsible mistakes can
lead to the death of a person and it
would shorten his life.
The life of each and every individual in
this world is extremely important. The
government should think multiple
times before arriving at a decision
regarding the implementation of
active euthanasia. We should always
remember, once a soul is gone, its
gone for ever.
If at all we want to explore this option,
it should be carried out with a strict set
of rules and regulations. In the past of
few months, it has been noticed that
certain people in our country stand
above the law and have the power to
influence the judiciary judgments. In
such a case, legalizing the active
euthanasia would be a foolish idea as
people can commit crime and wash
their hands off easily.